Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease. It is a common infection of the genitals and rectum but it can sometimes affect the throat as well. It normally affects young people in their teens or early twenties. It is spread by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with another person who has the infection and even pregnant women can pass it on to their baby during childbirth.
If you suspect that you have gonorrhea, there are certain things you need to watch for. The most common gonorrhea symptoms are painful urination and a yellow or green discharge from the penis or vagina. Some men may notice that their testicles are painful or swollen, although this tends to be a less common symptom.
Some people with gonorrhea may show no symptoms at all initially. At the beginning, symptoms may be mild and are sometimes mistaken for a bladder infection or vaginal infection. Women who contract gonorrhea are at a high risk of developing serious complications from the infection, even if there are no symptoms. Common gonorrhea symptoms in women may include an increase in vaginal discharge and vaginal bleeding between periods.
Rectal infections are another symptom of gonorrhea which can affect both men and women. A rectal infection may involve anal discharge and itching, soreness, bleeding from the rectum and painful bowel movements.
If you notice any of the above symptoms, you should be examined by your doctor as soon as possible. If your partner is exhibiting such symptoms, encourage them to see a doctor as well. If your partner has symptoms and you don’t, you should still get tested for gonorrhea.
A simple urine test is normally used to detect gonorrhea. However, if you have had oral sex or anal sex, the doctor may take swabs from your throat or rectum to test for the infection. Sometimes, a swab may be taken of a man’s urethra or a woman’s cervix for testing.
The good news is that gonorrhea can be cured with the right treatment. You must take all of the medication that your doctor prescribes you in order to clear up the infection. Do not share your gonorrhea medication with anyone, even if the other person has the infection too. Although the medication may stop the infection, it is important to remember that it will not undo any damage caused by the disease, which is why early detection and treatment is so important. The best way to avoid gonorrhea is to practice safe sex.