Gonorrhea is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the world with about 78 million new cases being diagnosed every year. In fact, in the United States alone, the number of new infections is estimated at about 820,000 every year. Although the high number of infections is mind-blowing, the most worrying trend is that only less than half of those infections are diagnosed and reported. In fact, in 2013, only 333,004 cases were reported and diagnosed in the U.S. If it is detected, gonorrhea can be easily treated. However, failure to get early treatment can cause serious and in some cases permanent complications.
If untreated, gonorrhea can cause serious complications among women as it can infect the female reproductive tract and affect the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus. The condition is known as the pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and it can cause chronic pain as well as cause damage to the female reproductive organs. If it takes longer before the condition is diagnosed and treated, women can also develop scarring or blocking of the fallopian tubes causing ectopic pregnancy or even preventing future pregnancy. It is also worth noting that the gonorrhea infection can pass to a newborn infant during delivery.
In men, the gonorrhea infection can cause scarring of the urethra or even a painful abscess in the interior of the penis leading to sterility or reduced fertility. It is also worth noting that if the condition remains untreated, both men and women can develop disseminated gonococcal infection, a life-threatening condition that is characterized by arthritis, fever, dermatitis and the swelling and inflammation around tendons.
People infected with gonorrhea are also at a higher risk of contracting other sexually transmitted diseases like HIV. If the condition spreads to the bloodstream, people can suffer from heart valve damage, arthritis or even inflammation of the spinal cord or brain. Furthermore, the infected pregnant women can experience complications during delivery or even premature labor. If passed to the infant, gonorrhea can cause blindness, joint infection or even life-threatening blood infection.
Gonorrhea symptoms and diagnosis
Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium and infects areas of the body that are warm and moist including the urethra, throat, eyes, anus, vagina and female reproductive tract. The condition is commonly passed from person to person through unprotected vaginal, oral and anal sex. People who do not use a condom or those with numerous sexual partners are at a greater risk of contracting gonorrhea. To protect yourself from the infection, you should exercise abstinence, properly use a condom or only have one sex partner.
The symptoms of gonorrhea usually develop within two to 14 days after exposure but some people never experience noticeable symptoms, which is the reason why every sexually active individual should be regularly tested. In fact, you do not have to go to a hospital for a test as you can use home gonorrhea test kits like the testkitmart iCare gonorrhea kit. A test article on testkitmart iCare gonorrhea home kit shows that the kit has a high clinical accuracy of about 99-percent and the results are out in less than 15 minutes, which makes it one of the most efficient and user-friendly home kits.
Men and women experience slightly different gonorrhea symptoms. The first sign of gonorrhea infection in men is usually a painful or burning sensation during urination. Other symptoms of infection in men include a greater frequency of urination, swelling or redness at the opening of the penis, a pus-like discharge from the penis, a persistent sore throat and swelling or pain in the testicles. In women, the symptoms range from a vaginal discharge to burning sensation while urinating, heavier periods, painful sexual intercourse, increased the urge to urinate, sore throat and sharp pain in the lower abdomen.
If the testkit mart iCare gonorrhea home kit shows that you have an infection, you should visit a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.